Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery


Health has become one of the necessities of humans. So for maintaining it, they require to keep it away from the lousy atmosphere, but if precautions didn't help, then curing it can help. Treating it at home can be a bit of unclear and unprofessional practice, so you visit a doctor. But have you ever wondered what these doctors have studied for achieving the permit of practicing medicine locally? Well, if you had, then here is the answer to it. They have a course with the name Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, which in short, is referred to as MBBS. MBBS is a 5.5-year course with 4.5 years of studies and one year of mandatory internship in the respected field. It is an undergraduate course for students aspiring to medicine after class 12th. 



An applicant has to fulfil a set of criteria to become eligible for the course of MBBS. These criteria are listed below. 

  • An applicant must have completed class 12 with a combination of subjects Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English as mandatory subjects. 
  • The applicant must secure a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate for some entrance examination. However, tests like AIIMS require 60% aggregate marks. 



Entrance Examination

The entrance examination is a must for many colleges and institutes. Some institutes conduct entrance on their own while some accept tests conducted at the state or national level. Some of these examinations are given in the following table. 


Entrance Examination

Full form

Mode of Test


Application Fee (in INR)


National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test


Once a year

General Category – 1500

OBC-NCL – 1400

SC/ST/PWD/Transgender Category – 800


All India Institute of Medical Sciences


Once a year

General Category – 1500

OBC-NCL – 1500

SC/ST – 1200


Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research


Twice a year

General Category – 1500

SC/ST – 1200

OCI/NRI – 3000


Armed Forces Medical College


Once a year



Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research


Twice a year

General Category – 1500

SC/ST – 1200


Diplomatic of National Board Centralized Entrance Test


Twice a year




MBBS is a 4.5-year course which is further divided into nine semesters. These nine semesters are based on three phases. These three phases are described below.






Semester I &II

Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology


Semester III, IV, & V

Community Medicine, Microbiology, Pathology, Forensic Medicine, Pharmacology, Clinical postings inwards, OPDs


Semester VI, VII, VIII & IX

Community Medicine, Obst. Gynae, Medicine and Allied Subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Pediatrics Surgery and Allied Subjects (Anesthesiology, E.N.T., Ophthalmology, Orthopedics), Clinical Postings



MBBS is one of the most offered courses in the field of Medical. Over 500 institutes provide the path of MBBS in India. But quantity doesn't help, quality does. So there are only a few colleges which get showcased in the list of best institutes concerning the MBBS course. The following list presents some of these institutes.




Annual Average Cost

All India Institute of Medical Sciences

New Delhi, Delhi


Christian Medical College

Vellore, Tamil Nadu


Armed Forces Medical College

Pune, Maharashtra


Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences

Wardha, Maharashtra


Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research

Pondicherry, Puducherry


Lady Hardinge Medical College

New Delhi, Delhi


King George’s Medical University

Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh


Seth GS Medical College

Mumbai, Maharashtra


Institute of Medical Sciences

Varanasi, Uttar pradesh


Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research

Kolkata, West Bengal



Future Prospects

MBBS course provides many opportunities to the degree holder. After perceiving MBBS, a person can either practice privately or with an organization. The following are some of the examples of it.


Job Profile


Medical Officer

Getting ill at work for various reasons is a common thing. So for taking proper care of the employees at work, a Medical Officer is appointed.

General Physician

General physician diagnosis and medically treat the patient at a primary level.

Healthcare Research and Consultant

Research and Consultancy are required in every field. In the medical field, the person handling this post or perform it personally is called Healthcare Research and Consultant. He/she looks at various health-related topics.


The doctor who performs surgery is known as a Surgeon. A Surgeon specializes in one particular part of the body like heart, brain, and such.

Medical Superintendent

A Medical Superintendent is responsible for monitoring all the functions taking place in a medical organization. He/she is also responsible for implementing all the ideas and decisions informed by the head of the company.


Analyzing various factors such as weight and height, a Dietician suggests it's patient a perfect diet plan. Dietician practices either personally or in a medical organization.



4 Comment
  • 3 years, 2 months

    thank you

  • 3 years, 5 months

    Thank you for the information. But I have a question : We can give AIIMS exam directly or first we should give NEET and then again AIIMS?

  • 3 years, 7 months

    thanks a lot.....this information will help in future .plz u can upload more on mbbs

  • 3 years, 9 months

    Thanks a Lot.. It has helped me by clearing some doubts.. Plz Upload more regarding MBBS.. U can also add.. MBBS means.. Medicarea Baccalaurease Baccalaurease Chirurgeae