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Keeping the usage of natural resources in mind and the speed at which they are becoming scarce, electric vehicles were developed as electricity can be produced anytime anywhere. An electric vehicle is a vehicle that uses electricity for power. It was one among the primary forms of transportation that didn't use horse or human power. Electric trains and cars were built in the 1830's. In the early 1900's there have been more electric cars than gasoline-powered cars. But cars powered by gasoline or diesel oil become the foremost common kind of car for many of the last 100 years. Electric vehicles were always utilized in some special cases, like forklifts used inside a building, golf carts, trolley bus or certain vehicles used around airplanes at an airport. Today people are staring at electric vehicles again as the way to scale back pollution and use less gasoline.
These vehicles use an electrical motor, in order that they are very quiet, no smell and no pollution from exhaust gases. They can even be used indoors. Oil for gasoline and diesel is a limited resource - it'll not last forever and is becoming costlier . If the electricity for a battery-electric vehicle comes from a renewable energy source, like a windmill, solar cells, geothermal or hydroelectric, then it will not produce as many global warming gases.
Batteries do not store a lot of energy, and they are large and heavy, so the vehicles usually cannot go very far. It takes an extended time to recharge electric battery, sometimes many hours. Good batteries is very expensive, and all batteries got to be replaced after a short time . Most electricity in the United States of America comes from coal or natural gas, so an electric vehicle that's powered by electricity from one among these plants will still add to global warming gases.
Kinds of Electric Vehicles
Pure Electric Vehicles
Fuel cell - This makes electricity from hydrogen. Hydrogen is very common, but hard to store. It can be made from water, but is usually made from natural gas.
Solar cell - This uses the power of the sun to move the car. But the daylight that lands on a car isn't enough to form a full sized car move in no time , and can't work at night unless it stores energy in batteries. Sometimes called a solar car.
Battery - A battery-electric vehicle (sometimes called BEV) is the most typical. The batteries get their energy from an electric supply, sometimes a normal wall plug, like those in a house.
A hybrid is a combination of two things. In this case, it is an electric motor, and another type of power. It's not a true electric vehicle.
Hybrid electric vehicle - Also called a HEV. The Toyota Prius, Honda Insight and other common 'hybrids' are this sort . They get their power from gasoline, but can store it in batteries and use it later with the electrical motor. So the car features a gas engine and an electrical motor.
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle - Also called a PHEV. The Chevrolet Volt and also the Plug-in Prius are examples. They have even bigger batteries, and may be charged from electric outlets in a house, but can also be powered from gasoline. The gasoline lets you drive farther.
Human electric hybrid vehicle - Also called HEHV. In the simplest form, this is a battery and motor put on a bicycle. The Twike is a covered vehicle which can hold two people. It can be pedalled, run from battery, or both.
There are many other types of electric vehicles. The electric trolley bus uses overhead electric lines to power it. Many trains use a railway electrification system to supply power. A few high-speed rail lines use powered magnets within the track to move the train, in a very system called 'mag-lev' (magnetic levitation). There are electric bicycles and motorcycles and a few tricycles (trikes) just like the Corbin Motors Sparrow, which was also seen in the Austin Powers movie Goldmember. Most freight trains are diesel-electric. The locomotive features a diesel motor which provides electricity, and an electrical motor which makes the wheels turn.
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